Gekisai (kanji: 撃砕; katakana: ゲキサイ) means "attack and destroy". These kata
were created around 1940 by Chojun Miyagi and Nagamine Shoshin as beginners' kata, to introduce the basic forms of karate
(kihon) to middle school students in Okinawa, to help bring about the standardization of karate, and to teach a basic set
of techniques for self-defense Gekisai kata were strongly influenced by the Shuri-te techniques that Master Miyagi
learned from Master Anko Itosu
Students first learn gekisai dai ichi and then gekisai dai ni. The main difference between dai
ichi and dai ni is that dai ni introduces open handed techniques and new stances It is in gekesai
dai nithat students are introduced to the neko ashi dachi stance, and to the wheel block(Tomai Uke)
Saifa (Kanji: 砕破;
Katakana: サイハ) means "smash and tear". Saifa has its origins in China, and was brought
to Okinawa by Higashionna. It contains quick whipping motions, hammerfists, and back fist strikes; it particularly emphasizes
moving off-line from an opponent's main force, while simultaneously closing distance and exploding through them. This
is usually the first advanced Gōjū-ryū kata the students learn in most goju kaiha, after gekisai dai ichi and
gekisai dai ni.
Seinchin (kanji: 制引戦; katakana:
セイユンチン (attack, conquer, suppress; also referred to as "to control and pull into
battle") is a Kaishu Kata of the Goju-ryu style of karate-do. It was taught by Goju-ryu's founder, Master Chojun Miyagi. Seinchin is thought to mean "Marching Far Quietly.""Seinchin's
origin lies in the internal system of Wu-shu, Hsing-I. Seiunchin's direct translation through time has been lost, but
many Goju-ryu Karateka refer to it as Marching far Quietly. Seinchin is a unique kata because only hand techniques are used.
An advanced kata, Seiunchin works a lot on the shiko dachi and incorporates strike such as the back fist and elbow. Along
with Sesan, Seinchin is the other training Kaishu of Meibukan Goju-ryu, which is best suited for a smaller man with less physical
power. Many times in the kata techniques are performed with the other hand used as re-enforcement!" - From 'Origin
and Characteristics of Goju-ryu Kaishu Kata'
Sanseru is a karate kata of Southern Chinese (Fujianese) origin. The name literally means thirty-six (steps,
or positions of attack and defense) Versions of it are found in
several karate styles, including Goju-ryu, but it is most strongly associated with Uechi-ryu and the related system Shohei-ryu.
Sepai - Kanji: 十八手 - Katakana: セイパイ (18 Hands): Seipai incorporates both the four directional movements and 45° angular attacks and implements
techniques for both long distance and close quarter combat. This was a Seikichi Toguchi's specialty kata.
Sisochin (四向鎮) is
a kata of naha-te karate style,
whose authorship has been mentioned as a Kanryo HigaonnaThere are two theories that explain the origins of kata Sisochin: the first suggests that the shape
or style comes from white heron or the Tiger, Shaolin kung fu, the other it is from mantis style.It is said that the kata was introduced in Okinawa through the Master Higaonna, when he returned from his trip he made to Fuchi, in
Fujian province, where he learned the exercise from the master Ryu Ryu Ko, although some of circumstances did not corroborate
the version, it seems that there was already a version of the kata, taught by master Seisho
AragakSisochin begins at the stance Sanchin dashi in three kyodo when applying three successive
nukite zuki. De facto, there is a predominance of kaisho waza techniques
- open hands -. The posture is eclectic, with high and low stances, highlighting the feature of adaptability. Besides Sanchin
dashi, are well marked and ayumi dashi and zenkutsu dashi.
The kata is symmetrical. And, alternating atemi
waza, there are also projection techniques - nage waza - and grasping.
Seisan (alternate names: Sesan, Seishan, Jusan, Hangetsu) literally
means '13', however some people refer to the kata as '13 Hands', '13 Fists', '13 Techniques',
'13 Steps' or even '13 killing positions'. However, all these names are made up and have no historical basis.Seisan is thought to be one of the oldest kata quite spread among
other Nahate schools. Shito-ryu has its own version and different versions are now practised even in Shurite derivatives like
Shotokan (called Hangetsu) and in Wado-ryu (called Seishan). Isshin-ryū also adopted this kata. This kata is also practiced in Korean styles such as Tang Soo Do and Soo
Bahk Do and is called Sei-Shan or Seishan in Korean. Due to its difficulty,
this kata is often reserved for advanced students.
epitomizes the ideals of Go-"hard and Ju-"soft". Stance transitions are quick and explosive while the
hands techniques are employed using "muchimi" or a heavy, sticky movement. As in the other kata of Goju-Ryu,
it is quite evident that grappling and close-quartered fighting is the favoured fighting style. The same kanji is found
in Saifa. Again, this would suggest a strong emphasis on grappling. Where most other styles' Kata concentrate on "block/punch",
it is obvious from the unique techniques that this is not the case with Goju-Ryu.
is the most advanced Kata in Goju-Ryu. It contains the greatest number of techniques and variations. Suparinpei
is deceptive in that it appears simple in execution but when combined with transitions and changing tempos, it is only surpassed
by Sanchin in technical difficulty and understanding. Once again, the number "108" is suggested to have origins
in Buddhism and can represent the "108 sins of man". On the Chinese New Year, temple bells are rung 108 times to
"drive away the evils of man". It is believed these named associations with Buddhism is based upon the lack of factual
knowledge of the true nature of these.Secondly, with
the cultural changes that took place in China during and after the Boxing Rebellion (1900) and the fall of the Qing Dynasty
(1644-1911), little emphasis was placed on learning such complex arts. Most who learned the fighting arts after this time,
did so as a means of exercise, recreation or artistic performance. In additon, the wide-spread use of firearms reduced
the need and effectiveness for hand-to-hand combat as a means to civil defence.